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Culture and Creativity

Site of Remembrance in Łambinowice (Poland)

The Site of Remembrance in Łambinowice consists of several places along the ‘Road of Remembrance’: the Old Cemetery of the Prisoners of War (POW), the areas of formers Stalags VIII B (344) and 318/VIII F (344) Lamsdorf, the Cemetery of Soviet POWs, the area of the former Labour Camp and its Cemetery, and the Central Museum of Prisoners-of-War.

A Museum was established in 1964 to commemorate and to study the camps and issues surrounding the POW, established during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870-71 and used during World War I and World War II. Over 7000 POWs from several European nationalities are buried at the Old Cemetery. During WWII, many anti-Nazi and freedom fighters were imprisoned in the camps. After the wars, the camps were used for migrating civilians.

The Site of Remembrance in Łambinowice has transnational gravitas because the camps were used by different states and because of the provenance of the POWs themselves. The site bears witness to the perspectives of thousands of Europeans on important European historical events, starting from the Franco- Prussian War up to the mass-migrations after WW II. It plays an important role for commemorating, studying - by popular and comparative research - and interpreting these lesser known parts of Europe’s history. The application emphasises the need to look into different perspectives and establish a link with the present.